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Fact Checking & Fake News: False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News" Sources

Fact Checking

False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources

(From Paul Cook's Social Media and Information Literacy Exercise

Below is a list of fake, false, regularly misleading, questionable, and/or “news” organizations, and organizations that regularly use clickbait-y headlines and descriptions, that are commonly shared on facebook and other social media sites. Many of these websites rely on “outrage” by using distorted headlines and decontextualized or dubious information in order to generate likes, shares, and profits.


Other sources on this list are purposefully fake with the intent of satire/comedy, which can offer important critical commentary on politics and society, but they are regularly shared as actual/literal news. I’m including them here, for now, because 1.) they have the potential to perpetuate misinformation based on different audience (mis)interpretations and 2.) to make sure anyone who reads a story by The Onion, for example, understands its purpose. If you think this is unnecessary, please see Literally Unbelievable.


Notes: Not all of these sources are always or inherently problematic, but I’m including them because they should be considered in conjunction with other news/info sources due to their tendency to rely on clickbait headlines etc.

The Free Thought Project



Addicting Info

American News X (some satire)


Associated Media Coverage




React 365

Being Liberal

Indecision Forever (

IJR (Independent Journal Review)


Bipartisan Report

Red State

BizPac Review

Reductress (satire/comedy)

Blue Nation Review


Satira Tribune

Cap News  (satire) (satire)

Liberal America

The Blaze

The Free Thought Project


The New Yorker’s Borowitz Report (satire column) (satire/comedy)

The Onion (satire)


The Other 98%


The Reporterz

The Stately Harold

ConspiracyWire (

Naha Daily

National Report

Crooks and Liars

NC Scooper

NCT (New Century Times)

Daily NewsBin

News Examiner


Daily Wire

USA Supreme



US Uncut


Walking Times

Newswatch 28 (satire/comedy)

Newswatch 33

Winning Democrats

World Net Daily

Empire Herald


World News Daily Report

Empire News

Occupy Democrats

ZeroHedge (ETF News)