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ENG 131 Public Speaking

Citing Speeches

How you cite a speech in APA Style depends on the format in which you heard it. View this link from Scribbr on how to cite speeches in APA 7th citation style. 

Oral Citations

How to Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism means using someone else’s words or ideas without properly crediting the original author. Sometimes plagiarism involves deliberately stealing someone’s work, but often it happens accidentally, through carelessness or forgetfulness.
When you write an academic paper, you build upon the work of others and use various sources for information and evidence. To avoid plagiarism, you need to correctly incorporate these sources into your text.
This tutorial from Scribbr will show you steps to avoid committing plagiarism.

Citing Visuals in Your Presentations

Just as you would sight the words or ideas of another, you should provide citations for visuals or representations of data. The only exceptions are if you created the visual image (i.e.drawing or photograph) or if the image is part of a software library that does not require attribution. Assume any image you find online is copyrighted and provide a citation. 

The APA manual does not have a section on how to format a PowerPoint presentation, but you can follow APA style guidelines within your PowerPoint. For example:

  • Include the same information on your title slide that you would have on a title page. 
  • Include in-text citations for any quote, paraphrase, image, graph, table, data, audio or video file that you use within your presentation. Please note that photographs are considered figures in APA style. 
  • The last slide will be your References List. 
  • “No citation, permission, or copyright attribution is necessary for clip art from programs like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 346).

This information is from Goodwin University: Hoffman Family Library. (2021) APA 7th style guide. 

Figure format is used most often for citing Images in PowerPoint presentations. 

Here is an example of a proper Figure citation:

Figure 1.

Lemur in the wild

Note. From Black and white Ruffled Lemur [Photograph], by M. Appel, 2016, (


This example is from State College of Florida Libraries. (2021). Online images.

Citation Resources

select to view APA tutorial