The end of life: Death and dying. (2016). In L. J. Cohen, Handy answer book series: The handy psychology answer book (2nd ed.). Visible Ink Press. Credo Reference: http://mylibrary.wilmu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/viphapsyc/the_end_of_life_death_and_dying/0?institutionId=6215
Death and dying. (2017). In Gale (Ed.), Human diseases and conditions (3rd ed.). Gale. Credo Reference: http://mylibrary.wilmu.edu/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/galehuman/death_and_dying/0?institutionId=6215
Waggoner, E. B. (2018). Bury Your Gays and Social Media Fan Response: Television, LGBTQ Representation, and Communitarian Ethics. Journal of Homosexuality, 65(13), 1877–1891. https://doi-org.mylibrary.wilmu.edu/10.1080/00918369.2017.1391015
Hospice and Palliative Care Handbook by T. M. Marrelli; Sigma Theta Tau International Staff (Contribution by)Hospice & Palliative Care Handbook, Third Edition, offers concise, focused coverage of all aspects of hospice and palliative care for clinicians, managers, and other team members who provide important care while meeting difficult multilevel regulations. Author Tina M. Marrelli, Director of the first U.S. hospice program to attain Joint Commission accreditation for hospice services, helps caregivers meet quality, coverage, and reimbursement requirements in daily practice and documentation. Filled with key topics such as professional standards and guidelines, bereavement services considerations, outcomes, goals, and quality control, this comprehensive book provides the tools hospice caregivers need for success. Book jacket.
Publication Date: 2018, eBook
Dying in America by Institute of Medicine; Committee on Approaching DeathFor patients and their loved ones, no care decisions are more profound than those made near the end of life. Unfortunately, the experience of dying in the United States is often characterized by fragmented care, inadequate treatment of distressing symptoms, frequent transitions among care settings, and enormous care responsibilities for families. According to this report, the current health care system of rendering more intensive services than are necessary and desired by patients, and the lack of coordination among programs increases risks to patients and creates avoidable burdens on them and their families. "Dying in America" is a study of the current state of health care for persons of all ages who are nearing the end of life. Death is not a strictly medical event. Ideally, health care for those nearing the end of life harmonizes with social, psychological, and spiritual support. All people with advanced illnesses who may be approaching the end of life are entitled to access to high-quality, compassionate, evidence-based care, consistent with their wishes. "Dying in America" evaluates strategies to integrate care into a person- and family-centered, team-based framework, and makes recommendations to create a system that coordinates care and supports and respects the choices of patients and their families. The findings and recommendations of this report will address the needs of patients and their families and assist policy makers, clinicians and their educational and credentialing bodies, leaders of health care delivery and financing organizations, researchers, public and private funders, religious and community leaders, advocates of better care, journalists, and the public to provide the best care possible for people nearing the end of life.
Publication Date: 2015, eBook
End of Life by Jeff MenziseWhat ought to be done at the end of life is both a personal and public decision. As our population ages, it is becoming a matter of great concern for the entire nation. Diseases that would have been death sentences a few decades ago are now often treatable.This guide explores end-of-life decisions and examines options and trade-offs inherent in this sensitive and universal issue. Medical advances make it more likely that we will care for relatives in their final days, facing decisions regarding their illnesses or death--as well as our own. Even those who never face such choices will pay for them through tax dollars and the cost of insurance premiums. And as more states consider passing "right-to-die" laws similar to the one that took effect in Oregon in 1997, this debate may become a local one.Under most circumstances, end-of-life decisions remain difficult and uncomfortable. A Consumer Reports survey found that 86 percent of those polled wanted to die at home. But fewer than half of the respondents over age 65 had living wills detailing their dying wishes, leaving them at the mercy of hospitals and stressed-out families forced to decide on their behalf. In 1990, the US Supreme Court affirmed an individual's "right to die." Later, in 1997, the court upheld New York and Washington state laws banning physician-assisted death, leaving it for individual states to decide their legality. These rulings established legal precedence for a national conversation.This issue guide asks: What should society allow, and support, at the end of life? It presents three different ways of looking at the problem and suggests possible actions appropriate to each.OPTION 1:Maintain Quality of Life. That means when continued efforts to keep terminally ill patients alive a few more days or weeks result in needless pain and suffering, life-support treatment should be discontinued. At that point, caregiving efforts should be devoted to keeping patients comfortable and pain free.'OPTION 2:?Preserve Life at All Costs. Do everything we can to prevent death. This means sparing no expense to extend the lives of those who are sick. It should be difficult for doctors to give up on patients, and the end must not be brought about by deliberate medical neglect or intervention. Right-to-die laws must be repealed.OPTION 3:?My Right, My Choice. The freedoms we value so highly in choosing how we live should not be taken away from us at the end of our lives. People should have the right to end their own lives and to enlist their doctors in helping them to die when a terminal illness leaves nothing to look forward to but higher levels of pain and suffering.
Publication Date: 2016, eBook
Pain Management for People with Serious Illness in the Context of the Opioid Use Disorder Epidemic by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Joe Alper (Editor); India Olchefske (Editor); Laurene Graig (Editor)The United States is facing an opioid use disorder epidemic with opioid overdoses killing 47,000 people in the U.S. in 2017. The past three decades have witnessed a significant increase in the prescribing of opioids for pain, based on the belief that patients were being undertreated for their pain, coupled with a widespread misunderstanding of the addictive properties of opioids. This increase in prescribing of opioids also saw a parallel increase in addiction and overdose. In an effort to address this ongoing epidemic of opioid misuse, policy and regulatory changes have been enacted that have served to limit the availability of prescription opioids for pain management. Overlooked amid the intense focus on efforts to end the opioid use disorder epidemic is the perspective of clinicians who are experiencing a significant amount of daily tension as opioid regulations and restrictions have limited their ability to treat the pain of their patients facing serious illness. Increased public and clinician scrutiny of opioid use has resulted in patients with serious illness facing stigma and other challenges when filling prescriptions for their pain medications or obtaining the prescription in the first place. Thus clinicians, patients, and their families are caught between the responses to the opioid use disorder epidemic and the need to manage pain related to serious illness. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine sponsored a workshop on November 29, 2018, to examine these unintended consequences of the responses to the opioid use disorder epidemic for patients, families, communities, and clinicians, and to consider potential policy opportunities to address them. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.